oil palm fibre composite in korea

Thermal, mechanical, and morphological properties of maleated ...25 Jun 2012 ... With a view of exploring the potential use of natural recourses, we made an attempt to fabricate new Borassus fruit fiber/polypropylene composites by melt mixing method using 5 wt % of fiber. Fibers were chemically modified by alkali treatment using maleated PP (MAPP) as compatibilizer to improve the adhesion between fibers and matrix. Thermal, mechanical, and morphological properties of untreated, alkali treated, and MAPP modified fiber reinforced composites ...

Biocomposites: Design and Mechanical Performance - 1st Edition5 Aug 2015 ... Abstract; 14.1 introduction; 14.2 Plant fibers for composite reinforcement: structure and properties; 14.3 influence of the process on the fiber properties; 14.4 Plant fiber composites properties: relationship between the processing method and final properties; 14.5 Impact of the process on the plant fiber composite microstructure; 14.6 Conclusion. 15: Mechanical properties of oil palm biocomposites enhanced with micro to nanobiofillers. Abstract; Acknowledgement; 15.1 ...

Effects of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber on Electrical and ...Low density polyethylene (LDPE), carbon black (CB), and oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) fiber composites were prepared by melt blending and compression molded into sheets. The effects of incorporated fibers on the electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, tensile properties, and thermal degradation of the composites were investigated. FTIR results suggest that the OPEFB fibers interact poorly with the polymer matrix and lead to a decrease in mechanical properties.

Oil Palm Biomass Fibres and Recent Advancement in ... - InTechOpenoil palm Tree. 2. oil palm fibres. Hybrid materials combine the properties of two (or more) monolithic materials, or of. Figure 2. Hybrid materials combine the properties of two (or more) monolithic materials, or of one material and space. They include fibrous and particulate composites, foams and lattices, sandwiches and almost all natural materials. One might imagine two further dimension: those of shape and scale (Ashby and Brechet 2003 with permission). oil palm biomass and oil ...

Influences of various surface pretreatments on the mechanical and ...23 May 2007 ... Natural-fiber-reinforced polymers can exhibit very different mechanical performances and environmental aging resistance depending on their interphase properties. A lack of good interfacial adhesion and poor resistance to moisture absorption make oil palm fibers less attractive as reinforcing agents. To improve the interfacial properties, oil palm fibers were grafted with different percentages of allyl methacrylate (AMA) in methanol. Darocur 2959 was added as a ...

Green wealth in oil palm | News | Eco-Business | Asia Pacific25 Mar 2014 ... oil palm biomass, or the by-products of the palm oil industry, may not necessarily be worthless waste. ... EFBs remain after removal of the fruits at the mill, while mesocarp fibres and palm kernel shells are left over from the extraction of crude palm oil and palm kernel oil. Also, effluent accumulates at the mill as ... in Malaysia, there are already companies using biomass to produce pellets as well as dry long fibres and composite construction materials. in Thailand and ...

Green Composites from Natural Rubber and Oil Palm Fiber ...Natural rubber (NR) composites were prepared by incorporating short oil palm fibers of different lengths (viz., 2, 6, 10, and 14 m

Oil palm fibers: Morphology, chemical composition, surface ...31 Oct 1997 ... Abstract. oil palm fiber is an important lignocellulosic material for the preparation of cost-effective and environment-friendly composite materials. The morphology and properties of these fibers have been analyzed. The properties of two important types of fibers, the oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber and the oil palm mesocarp fiber (fruit fiber) have been described. The surface topology of the fibers has been studied by scanning electron microscopy. Thermogravimetry ...

The effect of coupling agents on the mechanical and physical ...13 Nov 2000 ... Abstract. oil palm empty fruit bunchpolypropylene (EFB-PP) composites have been produced using a twin-screw extruder as the compounding equipment. Two levels of EFB were employed, 40 % and 60 % of the total weight of the sample. Three types of coupling agent, maleic anhydride-modified polypropylene (commercial name Epolene E-43), polymethylene(polyphenyl isocyanate) (PMPPIC) and 3-(trimethoxysilyl)-propylmethacrylate (TPM), were used. Overall ...

Solid-state characteristics of microcrystalline cellulos from oil palm ...22 May 2017 ... Cellulose, in particular, constitutes about 37% (dry weight) of the EFB, and is a compound with high value and can be exploited for the benefit of the palm oil industry. in this study, an attempt to ... Razak, N. W. A., and A. Kalam. "Effect of fibre Size on the Tensile Properties of oil palm Empty Fruit Bunch fibre composites. ... Palpu Chongi Gisul/Journal of korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper industry 43(3) (2011): 59-65. 10. Sung, Y. J., et al. "Study of ...

Effect of silane-based coupling agents and acrylic acid based ...27 Jun 1998 ... Abstract. The mechanical properties of composites consisting of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and oil palm fibrous wastesthat is, empty fruit bunch (EFB)have been investigated. Tensile modulus showed an increase, whereas tensile strength, elongation at break, and impact strength decreased with increasing filler loading. The strong tendency of EFB to exist in the form of fiber bundles and the poor fillermatrix interaction is believed to be responsible for the ...

Applications of Natural Fibers and Its Composites - Scientific ...8 Mar 2016 ... Natural fibers are one such proficient material which replaces the synthetic materials and its related products for the less weight and energy conservation applications. The application of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites and natural-based ... of the remainder being cultivated in Chile, France, the Democratic People's Republic of korea, and Spain [9]. ... countries like Malaysia and indonesia, Latin American countries and india are the major oil palm cultivating.

Characterization of oil palm empty fruit bunch and glass fibre ...29 Jul 2014 ... The effects of hybridization of glass fibre on oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) and recycled polypropylene-based composites are described in this paper. The compounding process involved extrusion followed by injection moulding technique to prepare the samples for characterizations. fibre loading were considered as 40 % of the total weight of the blends and EFB:glass fibre ratio was maintained as 30:70, 50:50, 70:30 and 90:10. Two types of coupling agents of ...

Advanced Composites with Natural Reinforcement - Hindawi26 Nov 2013 ... Baibiao Huang, China. Jacques Huot, Canada. Jae-Ho Kim, korea. Jaehwan Kim, korea. Sridhar Komarneni, USA. Hongchao Kou, China. Prashant Kumta, USA. Jui-Yang Lai, Taiwan. Pavel Lejcek, Czech Republic. Markku Leskela, Finland. Bin Li, China ... 4 Centre of Excellence in Engineered fibre composites (CEEFC), University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba,. QLD 4350 ...... composites by natural fibres such as kenaf, oil palm, ramie, sisal, coir, and jute.

The effect of filler content and size on the mechanical properties of ...Abstract. The effect of filler content and size on the mechanical properties of a new type of wood-based filler, oil palm wood flour (OPWF), in polypropylene (PP) was investigated. Four sizes of OPWF filler at different filler loadings were compounded using a twin screw compounder. All sizes of filler showed a similar trend of declining mechanical properties with increasing filler content. in terms of size, the composites filled with larger-sized filler showed higher modulus, tensile and ...